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access_time Updated Apr 19, 2021

Apache module fails to load

(The following information has been confirmed for RHEL/CentOS deployments using the default yum module installation.)

The default install location for the SigSci Apache module is /etc/httpd/modules but some systems may have Apache loading it’s config from a non-standard directory. When this happens the yum installer will not install to /etc/httpd/modules but instead to the following path:


If Apache fails to restart after the module installation because it cannot locate change the LoadModules line in httpd.conf to reflect the correct location on the target system.

How do I configure the agent to use a proxy for egress traffic?

The agent can be configured to use a local proxy for egress traffic to the Signal Sciences cloud infrastructure by setting the HTTPS_PROXY environment variable. To do this simply add export to /etc/default/sigsci-agent. Restart the agent and verify the configuration.

How can I view requests that have been blocked or allowed by rules?

Normally, requests that are immediately blocked or allowed by rules will not be visible in the console. However, you can configure the rule to add a custom signal to the requests. A representative sample of requests that have been tagged with a custom signal will be listed in the Requests page of the console and can be found by searching for the custom signal.

Changing Hostname for Web Servers

The hostname configuration, the agent asks the OS as a default, but the agent can be configured to use whatever hostname you would like. You can do this in one of two ways:

  1. Via the command line: -server-hostname="": server hostname
  2. In the config file with "server-hostname = value"

Agent or module is not detected

When the module and agent have been successfully installed you will be able to see them reporting within the Agents page of the console. In many cases, customers first realize there may be a problem with their configuration when they have started the agent and everything appears to be running normally but the agent or module are not listed correctly.

Agent is not detected

Although the agent appears to be running, it’s possible for the agent to not be listed in the Agents page of the console. This is typically due to either the agent being misconfigured or a connection issue between the agent and our cloud-hosted backend. Run through the following troubleshooting steps:

  1. Check if the agent is running:

    • ps -aef | grep sigsci-agent
  2. Try restarting the agent with:

    • sudo restart sigsci-agent
  3. If the agent is running, ensure communication between the agent and the cloud-hosted backend isn’t blocked by your firewall.

    • The Signal Sciences agent communicates with the following endpoints outbound via port 443/TCP:
      • Additional information about firewall restrictions can be found in Architecture
  4. Review any log files for error messages:

    • ls -l /var/log/sigsci-agent
    • tail -n 20 /var/log/sigsci-agent
  5. If the agent is not starting and nothing is written to the log files, check what messages are displayed if you run the agent manually:

    • stop sigsci-agent
  6. Run the debug tool and send the output, along with a detailed description of the issue and all log files, to our Support team.

    • /usr/sbin/sigsci-agent-diag

Module is not detected

Alternatively, although the console may show that the agent is reporting, the module may be listed as “undetected”. There are a few possible causes to this scenario and the following steps are intended to help troubleshoot this condition:

  1. It is necessary to send a request through the system in order for the module to report to the agent. Generating a manual 404 to the server in question is the easiest way to start seeing traffic validated on the console. Allow up to 30 seconds from the time of the request for the module to report and the console to display the anomaly.

  2. Confirm the steps for module installation specific to your web server, and any optional configuration changes, have been made correctly. Module installation instructions can be found here.

  3. Restart the web server after module installation.

  4. If the module is still not reporting and no data is showing in the console, check for issues related to domain socket permissions. By default, the agent and module are configured to use /var/run/sigsci.sock as the local domain socket under Linux operating systems and will require sufficient privileges to run properly:

    • If using Red Hat/CentOS, check for SELinux:

    • If using Ubuntu check for AppArmor and adjust security profiles if necessary:

    • sudo apparmor_status
  5. If the module is still not reporting, reach out to our Support team with a detailed description of the issue and the following logs:

    • NGINX or Apache error.log, IIS error logs (default %SystemDrive%\inetpub\logs\LogFiles)

    • If NGINX is your web server, capture the output of:

      • /opt/sigsci/bin/check-nginx
    • Collect the configuration files /etc/sigsci/agent.conf and if running NGINX /etc/nginx/nginx.conf or if running Apache your httpd.conf normally located in /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf.

Agent not receiving request data when integrated with Ambassador

The Ambassador configuration may not have AuthService defined, which is required for the Signal Sciences agent to receive request data. AuthService is enabled by default; if the agent is not receiving requests, run kubectl get authservice to check on the status of this service.

What is a “499” status code?

You may occasionally see the Signal Sciences agent return a status code of “499”. A “499” status code indicates the client closed the connection mid-request.

Why are my F5 load balancer health checks failing when going through the Signal Sciences reverse proxy?

F5 load balancer health checks use HTTP/0.9 by default. However, the SigSci reverse proxy does not support HTTP/0.9 because Go—which the Signal Sciences agent is written in—does not support it. This results in the F5 healthchecks failing with 400 “Bad Request” response codes.

To resolve this, you can force the F5 health checks to use HTTP/1.0 or HTTP/1.1 instead. You can specify the HTTP version in the Send String, which will force the monitor to send an HTTP/1.0 or 1.1 request instead.

Below is an example of an HTTP/0.9 GET request:

GET /index.html

By specifying HTTP/1.0, it will instead become an HTTP/1.0 GET request:

GET /index.html HTTP/1.0

For additional information about altering the F5 health check requests, please see F5’s official documentation.

What flags are available for configuring the agent?

The following options were derived from running the command sigsci-agent -help and can be used as command line flags, set in /etc/sigsci/agent.conf or set as ENV vars.

Please refer to our Configuration Options to view all flags.

Generated environment variables: